The Encyclopedia of Swedish Progressive Music 1967-1979

From Psychedelic Experiments to Political Propaganda

Tobias Petterson



Curt Hammar recorded one single in december 1970, with Claes af Geijerstam making a rare appearance behind the MNW mixing desk. Janne Schaffer had the same manager as Hammar and played guitar. Also contributing were two members of Hammar's 60's band The Hawks, Björn Alshammar (bass) and Bosse Andersson (drums). The A-side is progressive acoustic pop in the vein of Charlie & Esdor and Dagens Rätt. To promote the single, Curt Hammar played a few gigs backed by Schaffer, Per Sahlberg (bass) and Ola Brunkert (drums) but it still sunk without a trace. Ten years later Curt Hammar was back with the mini-album Gummelum, which was recorded in London with Mike Hugg, of UK 60's band Manfred Mann, on keyboards. Curt Hammar also appeared on the giant Mantorp festival in 1970 as part of duo Flum.

1971Det bara regnar / Kärlek som är het, är till för två (S)Green Light 31S★★★★★5


See also Compilations

One of the major singer/songwriters of the Movement, Jan Hammarlund secured a record deal at nineteen. His début album Befriade från skolan was immediately withdrawn as "Flamma stolt" infringed on copyright law, forcing a second pressing to be issued with a spoken word version instead. About two hundred copies of the initial pressing were supposedly sold, with several thousand copies of the revised pressing sold later. His second album, När bandet slutat spela, is arguably his best and contains fine, dreamy pop in the vein of Donovan. In 1974 he discovered Latin American folk music and recorded an album for Chilekommittén, an organization opposed to the Pinochet dictatorship. This overtly political album presented the songs of Violeta Parra to a Swedish audience. Hammarlund then joined the group Bella Ciao along with Lena Ekman. The pair then teamed up with Turid for the album Igår, idag, imorgon. Hammarlund had previously recorded a single with Turid and later re-recorded the two songs on his 1979 album Ett rop som stiger. Jan Hammarlund was also one the first openly gay artists in Sweden, fighting for sexual rights as exemplified by "Sexualpolitik" from the Innan tåget är på väg album. Hammarlund is still going strong and performs throughout Scandinavia. His most well-known song is probably "Jag vill leva i Europa" from the 1982 album Järnvägsräls.

1971Willys hus/Trollpackan (S)Intersound IS09★★★★4
1972Befriade från skolan (B-side matrix: SRALS4610B)Silence SRS 4610★★★★4
1972Befriade från skolan (2nd pressing)Silence SRS 4610★1
1973När bandet slutar spelaSilence SRS 4619★1
1974Tusentals stjärnor over ChileChilekommitén CH002★1
1976Brev till hamnarbetarna / Och solen bränner ovanför* (S)Chilekommitén CHS 1001★★2
1976Landet jag är van vidSilence SRS 4634★1
1976Igår, idag, imorgon**Silence SRS 4638★★★3
1978Innan tåget är på vägSilence SR S4649★1
1979Ett rop som stigerSilence SR S4654★1
Titles up to 1979
* with Turid
** with Lena Ekman & Turid



See also Compilations

In late 1969 Greg FitzPatrick left Atlantic Ocean to travel around in Asia. He returned to Sweden and joined up with fellow India travellers Guy Öhrström and Theo Greyerz as, well as their mate Stig-Arne Karlsson. They performed at the Gärdet Festivals in the summer of 1970 and appeared on the resulting compilation album Festen på Gärdeth. The original quartet soon expanded. Bandel, Arnström and Björn J:son Lindh from the Atlantic Ocean spin-off group Jason's Fleece were among the people called in to help record their eponymous album. It was released in the end of 1970 and as the band name implies, the album covers were made by hand - not one of the designs were identical. The music is, to a great extent, inspired by traditional Indian music with droning ragas of tablas and sitar combined with traditional Western instruments. Greg FitzPatrick, who didn't have a work permit, used three different pseudonyms for the album: Göran Ahlin, (producer), Marcus Brandelius, (musician) and Sverker Ali Kahn (sleeve designer). By the time of their last gig - at the third Gärdet festival in 1971 - Handgjort comprised of around twenty people, including Mikael Ramel, Sain Ellison, half of Arbete & Fritid, Einar Heckscher and Johnny Mowinckel (both of Sogmusobil) as well as the American jazz star Don Cherry. FitzPatrick's next project, Tillsammans, used several leftover Handgjort songs.

1970Handgjort*Silence SRS 4602★★★★★★★★8
1970Handgjort**Silence SRS 4602★★★★★★★7
1970Handgjort (Finnish release)Love LRLP 24★★★★★★★★★9
* handmade sleeves (several hundred variations)
** printed sleeve


Sören Hansen played congas on albums by Mikael Ramel, Jan Hammarlund and Tillsammans. On his solo album Hansen also performs on guitar, keyboards and autoharp. The other musicians on the the album are Thomas Almqvist (guitar, bass, keyboards), Stefan Lund (bass) and Gunnar Wennerborg (drums) as well as Ramel, who contributes guitar on two tracks. Sören Hansen sings his Swedish-language songs in an odd voice, somewhat resembling that of John Holm.

1978IkvällMistlur MLR-5★★2


See also Compilations

Bo Hansson started out as a guitarist for Stockholm r&b group The Merrymen. They released two singles and one flexi-disc in 1965 but split up soon after. He then switched instruments to Hammond organ and formed Hansson & Karlsson the following year. The classic first solo album features his own musical interpretation of JRR Tolkien's famous book, Lord Of The Rings [Sagan om ringen]. It delivers dreamy electronic soundscapes, created predominantly by Hansson's original organ playing. He also performed on moog, mellotron, guitar and bass. The other musicians on the album were jazz drummer Rune Carlsson as well as Gunnar Bergsten (saxophone), Sten Bergman (flute) and Bill Öhrström (percussion). All three were members of Fläsket Brinner, a band Hansson joined at this time. The initial pressing of Sagan om ringen has several inconsistencies on the sleeve, the label and the vinyl itself. The international version of the album was renamed Lord Of The Rings and is probably the best selling album included in this book. It features shortened tracks, most notably "Flykten till vadstället", as well as remixed sound, done by Hansson himself. There are also three additional tracks: "En vandring i mörker", "Skuggfaxe" and "Drömmar i läkandets hus". This version was the basis for subsequent re-issues of Sagan om ringen as well - now also including musician's credtits. Ur trollkarlens hatt was a continuation of the first album, adding the guitar talents of Kenny Håkansson. The organ sound that dominated the first two albums gradually took a backseat as the 70's wore on. The third album, Mellanväsen, featured five members of Kebnekajse, another band Hansson enjoyed joining onstage. His fourth album, El-ahrairah, was based on Richard Adams' novel "Watership Down" and featured some lushly orchestrated synthesizer sounds. It was released by YTF, a label mostly associated with the troubadour scene. After a long period of silence, Hansson returned with his fifth and last album, the radically different Mitt i livet, in 1985. He has since kept a low profile.

1970Sagan om ringen (no SAM-Distribution logo on back sleeve)Silence SRS 4600★★★★★5
1972Sagan om ringen (SAM-Distribution logo on back sleeve)Silence SRS 4600★★★3
1972The Black Riders / Flight To The Ford (S) (UK release) (promo)Charisma CB 230★★★3
1972Lord of the Rings (UK/US release of Sagan om ringen)Charisma CAS 1059★★★3
1972Lord of the Rings (German release of Sagan om ringen)Charisma 6369 924★★★★4
1973The Black Riders / Flight To The Ford (S) (US release) (promo)Charisma CAR 104★★★3
1972Ur trollkarlens hattSilence SRS 4615★★★3
1973Magician's Hat (UK release of Ur trollkarlens hatt)Charisma CAS 1073★★★★4
1973Magician's Hat (US release of Ur trollkarlens hatt)Charisma FC 6062★★★3
1973Magician's Hat (German release of Ur trollkarlens hatt)Charisma 6369 945★★★3
1975MellanväsenSilence SRS 4625★★★3
1975Attic Thoughts (UK release of Mellanväsen)Charisma CAS 1113★★★3
1976Attic Thoughts (US release of Mellanväsen)Sire SASD 7525★★★3
1976Attic Thoughts (German release of Mellanväsen)Charisma 6369 973★★★3
1977El-ahrairahYTF 50350★★★3
1977Watership Down (UK release of El-ahrairah)Charisma CAS 1132★★★3
1977Watership Down (US release of El-ahrairah)Sire SRK 6044★★★3
1977Reflection (German compilation album)Fontana 9290 425★★★3
Titles up to 1979


In 1966 pop musician Bo Hansson met up with jazz drummer Janne Carlsson. They changed the spelling of Carlsson and soon became an attraction in the Stockholm clubs. In 1967 the band opened their own club, Filips, together with their producer Bill Öhrström, who had previously sung in Hansson's old band, The Merrymen. Filips was the first Swedish club with psychedelic light effects and today has legendary status. The first single featured two compositions by Bo Nilsson and the guitar parts were provided by jazz bassist Gösta Wälivaara. Bjärne Möller (Lee Kings) was sometimes added to the line-up on guitar but he doesn't appear on their records. Möller's former bandmate, future Fläsket Brinner founder Bengt Dahlén, also joined on violin for some shows. Hansson & Karlsson released three instrumental albums of flowing psychedelic soundscapes with a sound all their own. Jimi Hendrix jammed with them while touring Sweden in 1968 and recorded his own version of "Tax Free", making it the duo's most famous song. It was included on the first album, a soundtrack to Ture Sjölander's experimental TV-film "Monument". The second album, Rex, was recorded live and included the track "I Love, You Love" from Stig Björkman's movie "Jag älskar, du älskar”, where Hansson had a small part. Man At The Moon was music commissioned for another film by Sjölander's team. This time to be broadcast on Swedish TV, the same day that Neil Armstrong took man's first step on the moon. Following a split in 1969 due to disagreements with their manager, Bo Hansson went on to record as a solo artist. He was still using a jazz drummer named Carlsson, only this time his first name was Rune. Janne Carlsson did session work for Pugh and others and then formed Heta Linjen. He also became a popular actor and TV-personality, known to all Swedes as "Loffe", and later recorded some solo albums best labeled as easy listening or exotica. Hansson & Karlsson reunited for Filips' 20th anniversary in 1997 and then played together for about a year.

1967Lidingö Airport / Canada Lumberyard (S)GP GPS1015★★★★★5
1967MonumentPolydor LPHM46260★★★★★★6
1968Swedish Underground (German release of Monument)Polydor 184196★★★★★★★7
1968P som i Pop* (S)no catalog number★★★★★★6
1968RexPolydor LPHM46264★★★★★★6
1969Man At The MoonPolydor LPHM46265★★★★★★6
1969Gold (Compilation)Karussell 2468009★★★★★5
* one sided cardboard single included with the book "P som i pop".


"We formed Harambee when I came back from Kenya", guitarist Jan Askelind said. "Harambee means freedom in Swahili. We took the name from the freedom fight of the black people in Kenya in the 60s". The music is mostly love ballads in Swedish, with a few tracks featuring generous bursts of fuzz guitar. The album was recorded at home as a demo, but EMI representatives immediately wanted to release the music as it was. Harambee later changed their name to Wasa and released one eponymous pop album for the Polar label in 1975. Benny Andersson and Björn Uvaeus took time out of their busy ABBA schedule to produce the album. Jan Askelind went on to become a hot shot producer for CBS pop acts like Factory, Strix Q, Attack and Kenneth & The Knutters. He was also a songwriter and competed twice in the Melodifestival, Sweden's preselection of the Eurovision Song Contest. Modig and Lundegaard were former members of 60's band Road Workers, which also included a young Lennie Norman on bass. They released an EP for the Jet label in 1967.

1971HarambeeOdeon 054-34443★★★★★★★★8
1971Birgitta / Kalle Wall (S)Odeon 006-34474 M★★★★★5


See International Harvester



This folk band from Uppsala began playing together in 1971 as a trio featuring Hallor, Burman and Alatalo. The band then expanded and toured a lot in Sweden. The album is comprised of traditional working class songs from the early 20th Century, played on a wide variety of traditional instruments. Hans Alatalo, Magnus Sjögren and Janne Olofsson had left the group before the album was recorded. All three went on to form Norrlåtar.

1976I ett hörn av trädgårdenSUB LP1176★★2



See also Compilations

Heta Linjen first appeared on record as an un-named backing group for Doris' acclaimed 1970 album, Did You Give The World Some Love Today, Baby? The band was led by former Hansson & Karlsson and Pugh drummer Janne "Loffe" Carlsson and the late jazz pianist and TV-producer Berndt Egerbladh. Their first album contained progressive pop in the vein of Jason's Fleece, while the second was jazzier and also included a big dose of comedy. The line-up had by now expanded and included people like the late soul singer Kisa Magnusson (Hår) and former teen idol Göran Lagerberg (Tages), who would later join Ulf Andersson in Egba. An enlarged version of the band - with added musicians like guitarists Janne Schaffer and Björn Linder of Marsfolket - appeared in French film maker Jacques Tati's last movie, 1974's "Parade", credited as "Janne Carlssons popgrupp".

1971Won't You Step Inside?Odeon 062-34288★★★★★★6
1971Feta Heta Linjens supershowPolydor 2379 029★★★★★5


After recording one album with Underground Failure this peculiar singer/songwriter released two singles on the Tibet-46 label, run by members of his former band, before signing with Metronome in 1972. His first album contains personal, thoughtful Swedish-language songs, including re-recordings of the A-sides of his singles. Backing was provided by guitarists Rolf Wikström and Kenny Håkansson as well as Ola Brunkert (Opus III), Göran Malmberg (T-Boones), Mike Watson (Marsfolket), Marie Bergman and others. The second album carried on in the same tradition featuring the talents of Björn J:son Lindh, Lasse Wellander (Nature), Ola Magnell and future guitar maker Arne Arvidsson. John Holm was by now a household name, but after the more mainstream Veckans affärer there was a 12-year hiatus until the release of his fourth album Verklighetens afton in 1988.

1971Svarte kungen / Nalen blås (S)Tibet-46 TS1★★★★4
1972Ett enskilt rum på Sabbatsberg / För att va oss så... / Frågor (S)Tibet-46 TS3★★★★★5
1972SordinMetronome MLP15.445★★★3
1974Lagt kort liggerMetronome MLP15.546★★2
1976Veckans affärerMetronome MLP15.600★★2
Titles up to 1979


See also Compilations

Hoola Bandoola Band formed at the start of 1971 in Malmö and was easily the most successful band of the Movement. Leader Mikael Wiehe was previously in folk-rock trio Moccers with younger brother Thomas Wiehe while Clemmedson and Kellgren had been in 60's band The Moderations. After rejecting an offer from ABBA manager Stikkan Anderson's Polar label, they signed with MNW and proceeded to record two albums at once, one in English and one in Swedish. The English album was shelved, although some of the tracks were later included on the ultra rare mini-album, Svit för P, which was never granted an official release. The Swedish-language debut album, Gamntemt individuell, sold very well and is the band's most interesting album musically, delivering slow, melodic rock with poetic, thought-provoking lyrics. The follow-up, Vem kan man lita på?, was less experimental and the classic title track, as well as "Keops pyramid", firmly established the band outside of the usual Movement audience. På väg featured members of Södra Bergens Balalaikor and Karin Biribakken provided vocals on "Karins sång". By the time of Fri information, the band was very successful with combined sales of 300 000 units - too many according to some Movement purists - and more or less became a mainstream act. The band broke up in September 1976. Mikael Wiehe and Björn Afzelius went on to pursue highly successful solo careers and also collaborated as a duo. Hoola Bandoola Band reunited for a well-received tour in the summer of 1996.

1971Garanterat individuellMNW 20P★★★3
1972Svitf ör P (EP)MNW 2M★★★★★★★★★★10
1972Vem kan man lita på?MNW 35P★★2
1973På vägMNW 40P★★2
1975Fri informationMNW 55P★★2
1975Victor Jara / Stoppa matchen (S)MNW 46S★★2



This symphonic rock band was formed in Stockholm in 1977. The music is in the vein of Kaipa with Swedish-language lyrics. The band broke up when Tommy Nilsson started a successful solo career. Jonas Isaksson was later in Hansson de Wolfe United and Roxette.

1977Samtal vid horizonten (S) (Promo)CBS DW-1★★2
1977HorizontCBS 83114★★★3
1979Förlorar igen / Samtal vid horizonten (S)CBS 7472★1
1979Smakprov från Horizonts nya LP "Andra Vyer" (S) (Promo)CBS PROM7★★2
1979Andra vyerCBS 83952★★2
1979Tänk om du visste / Angelica (S)CBS 8519★1


This band was formed in Norrköping in 1978 and recorded one rock single with political lyrics sung in Swedish. They used to travel around in an old fire engine and sometimes named themselves Hot 7 Combo, depending on how many people were in the band. At the time of the recording they happened to be only seven members, but claimed on the sleeve that their eighth member was "their collective spirit". Schylström went on to join local heroes Norsholms Befrielsefront, a band activce since the early 70's.

1979Handkraft / Du äger inte min själ (S)Sista Bussen SB 106★★2


Author Thomas Tidholm left Internatational Harvester - or Harvester, as they were called at the time - before they changed their name to Träd, Gräs Och Stenar. Five years later he teamed up with his former bandmates to assemble the Hot Boys. Their music is mellow folk-rock in the vein of Gunder Hägg with Tidholm's peculiar voice interpreting personal and strange songs with beautiful, poetic Swedish-language lyrics.

1974Varma smörgåsarSilence SRS4624★★★★★5


See also Compilations

Dennis Huntington founded this band after leaving Lag & Ordning. The music is bluesy and lacks the fun of Huntington's uninhibited heydays with Love Explosion. The album was recorded using a mobile studio in an apartment in Gothenburg. Nikke Ström was previously in Nynningen and would move on to Nationalteatern with Brossner.

1977Huntington BandNacksving 031-11★★2



See also Compilations

This feminist band recorded one album of accomplished Swedish-language folk music. The name Husmoderns Bröst was a female paraphrase on the legendary record label Husbondens Röst [His Master's Voice]. The same group name was actually used in the early 70's by a talented male progressive instrumental band from Mariestad.

1979Där fruarna borAmalthea AM11★★2



This short-lived rock band recorded one album in their own studio in Solna. Most tracks are quite jazzy - much in the vein of Egba - with Swedish-language lyrics written by novelist Klas Östergren. Olle Romö later played with Mikael Ramel and Ulf Bejerstrand and others before getting a chance to experience international success as a member of the hit-making UK band Eurythmics. Romö and Skogholt got back together in the 90's as Green Masheen releasing two singles on Anxious, the label run by Eurythmics leader Dave Stewart.

1978HybrisFour Leaf FLC 5024★★★3
1979Mogen på krogen / Runt runt (S)Sonet T-7970★★2


Arguably the premier guitarist of the Movement, Kenny Håkansson started his career in the mid 60's with The T-Boones. They changed their name to Baby Grandmothers in 1967 and after hooking up Mecki Bodemark became Mecki Mark Men. When Bodemark split in 1971 they changed yet again, this time to Kebnekajse. After five albums Håkansson finally left Kebnekajse in 1977. His solo album, Springlekar och gånglåtar, contains both new material and traditional Swedish songs, featuring only his multi-layered guitars - most often with a heavy dose of distortion. Kenny Håkansson also found time to guest on an impressive number of albums by other artists in this book. In 1979 his status changed from underground hero to rock star when he, somewhat unexpectedly, joined Dag Vag using the stage name Beno Zeno.

1978Springlekar och gånglåtarSilence SRS 4645★★★3



This was the Swedish version of the hippie musical "Hair" as performed on Scalateatern. It featured the late Bruno Wintzell in the lead role and it made him a star. The music was played by Baby Grandmothers and Hawkey Franzén, who all had acting roles as well. After the musical's run of 155 shows ended, Baby Grandmothers decided to use the name of organist Mecki Bodemark's old band, Mecki Mark Men, for their continuing work together. Several members of the cast ended up in Movement bands, including Bill Öhrström (Fläsket Brinner), Pyret Moberg (Diddlers) and Ann Sofi Nilsson (Fria Proteatern). Wintzell guested on the Opus III album and released a solo single in 1970 with tracks taken from the Hår album. He was also married to American movie star Goldie Hawn for two years. The late Kisa Magnusson was Sweden's leading soul singer of the 70's, while Ulf Brunnberg became a popular actor. The album was produced by Claes af Geijerstam (Marsfolket).

1968HårSonet SLP-70★★★3
1971Hår (Reissue)Grand Prix GP-9993★★★★4



A funky jazz-rock band formed by former Ebga members Jan Tolf and Harald Svensson, who were both also in Resa. For this album the late Jan Tolf wrote all the songs. Malando Gassama applied his talents to numerous albums, most notably with Janne Schaffer and Björn J:son Lindh.

1976Eskimo HotelMetronome MLP15.599★★★★★★6


Kjell Höglund was born in Östersund but relocated to Stockholm in the mid-60's. He sent demo tapes to record companies but due to lack of interest he released his first album, Undran, on his own label Alternativ. He initially made 200 copies but since it sold well he pressed it again five or so times, the sound quality suffering more with each new pressing. It originally came with a blank white sleeve, but when making Blomstertid he could afford to print enough sleeves for both albums and added the different album titles by hand. Höglund then hooked up with Metronome engineer Janne Hansson, who helped make Alternativ into more of a real record label that also released albums by the likes of Rolf Wikström and Lasse Englund. Now, Höglund could afford to have session musicians backing him up, but his style never changed much from the first two albums. Kjell Höglund is not a typical singer/songwriter and has a very personal approach to music. His unique voice is immediately recognizable and the Swedish-language lyrics are always well-crafted. In 1989 Höglund unexpectedly had a huge hit with "En stor stark", a song which made him reach a whole new audience.

1971UndranAlternativ ALP-1★★★★★★6
1972BlomstertidAlternativ ALP-2★★★★★★6
1973HäxprocessAlternativ ALP-3★★★★4
1974Baskevilles hundAlternativ ALP-4★★★3
1975Undran och Blomstertid (First two albums in one sleeve)Alternativ ALP-1/ALP-2★★★★4
1975Hjärtat sitter till vänsterAlternativ ALP-7★★★3
1979DrJekylls testamenteAlternativ ALP-11★★★3
Titles up to 1979



  • Mats Longum (vocals)
  • Ingvar Grahn (guitar, vocals)
  • Sven Boije af Gennäs (guitar)
  • Christer Thorstensson (bass, vocals)
  • Lars Öberg (drums)
  • This Gothenburg band was clearly inspired by November on the heavy A-side of their only single. The B-side is more mellow and features a prominent wha-wha guitar and Swedish lyrics about environmental issues. Longum, Grahn and Thorstensson were previously in 60's group Bless My Soul, which made a single for Polydor in 1969. The trio were then in Bismarc before forming Högtryck.

    1974Sitta någonstans och drörnma / Å, vilken härlig dag (S)BASF 061-540709-7★★★3



    The Oktober label only released political bands and this folk-rock act from Stockholm is no exception. On their only album, the Swedish-language songs are about society problems, including poor working conditions and unemployment. Idering, Söderström and Jonasson were all members of Fria Proteatern, but here the focus on the music content is much greater, retaining the pop sensibility from Idering's 60's band The Mascots so clearly lost by Fria Proteatern. The highlights being "Historien är gravid", "Några Exempel" and the folk-psych of "När man kör en Scania Vabis".

    1974Höj RöstenOktober OSLP505★★2


    See also Compilations

    Along with Dan Berglund and Knutna Nävar, actress Maria Hörnelius was one the KFML(r) affiliated label Proletärkultur's major artists. She named her album Det finns inget mörker a "women's album" as each song is about a woman - although the lyrics were, in fact, mostly written by men. The album featured pianist Stefan Forssén (Änglaspel) and the rhythm section of Kjell Jansson and Gunnar Pettersson (both of Göteborgs Brechtensemble) as well as guest appearances from Dan Berglund and Nynningen's Bertil Goldberg and Bernt Andersson. The mellow music is built around Hörnelius' fragile voice and the political lyrics are in Swedish. She also sang one track each on Freedom Singers' Antiimperialistiska sånger and Nynningen's Äntligen en ny dag. Maria Hörnelius released another solo album in 1983.

    1976Det finns inget mörkerProletärkultur PROLP676★1
    Titles up to 1979